Infographic: Consortia Formation and Characteristics Under the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006

This report describes the prevalence of Title I consortia under Perkins IV, examines the characteristics of these organizations, and explores whether and how consortia promote partnerships among participating members at the secondary and postsecondary levels. The infographic below highlights key findings. For more information, download the full report.

Consortia Were More Prevalent at the Secondary Than the Postsecondary Level

Consortia members at the secondary level

59% of 9385 subgrantees

Consortia members at the postsecondary level

16% of 1197 subgrantees
32 States

reported funding
secondary consortia

10 States

reported funding
postsecondary consortia

At the secondary level, nearly three-fifths (59 percent) or 5,570 of the 9,385 subgrantees that received funding in program year (PY) 2009–10 participated in Perkins IV as consortia members. Nationwide, 32 states provided funds to at least one secondary consortium, compared to just 10 states that reported funding postsecondary consortia. At the postsecondary level, the 191 consortia members accounted for roughly 16 percent of the 1,197 postsecondary Perkins IV subgrantees in that year.
On Average, Secondary Consortia Members Enrolled
Fewer Students Than Stand-Alone Subgrantees
Consortia members enrollment: 708 students. Stand-alone subgrantees enrollment: 3110 students. For grades eight to 12, consortia members enrolled an average of 708 students, compared with an average of 3,110 students in stand-alone subgrantees. The difference in enrollments between the two groups suggests that the consortia provision, in accordance with legislative intent, is largely applied to small secondary subgrantees with allocations below the minimum allocation requirement.
Secondary Consortia Members Are
Concentrated in Rural Areas
Rural secondary subgrantees accounted for 55% of 9385 <em>Perkins IV</em> subgrantees. Rural consortia members accounted for 66% of 5570 consortia members. Rural secondary subgrantees tend to be located in areas with smaller populations than suburban and urban subgrantees, which affects their ability to achieve the minimum allocation requirement. Rural secondary subgrantees accounted for just over one-half (55&nbsp;percent) of 9,385 Perkins IV subgrantees, but nearly two-thirds (66&nbsp;percent) of 5,570 consortia members in PY 2009&ndash;10.
In PY 2009–10, consortia grants accounted for about 22 percent of the total reported Perkins IV subgrantee allocations at the secondary level.
Total amount allocated to secondary subgrantees: $580 million. Consortia members recieved 22%. In PY 2009&ndash;10, consortia grants accounted for about 22&nbsp;percent of the total reported Perkins IV subgrantee allocations at the secondary level (or about $129 million of the $580 million allocated to secondary subgrantees). Rural subgrantees accounted for 29 percent of the $129 million that was allocated to consortia members, but 17&nbsp;percent of the $450 million allocated to subgrantees that were not consortia members.

Approaches to Consortia Formation

With the exception of consortia in the category 1 states, Perkins secondary consortia are comprise exclusively of secondary grantees, although postsecondary institutions may serve in an advisory capacity. Of the 49 states included in this study, 17 did not report any secondary consortia in PY 2009–10. The composition, operation, and financing of consortia vary across and within the 32 states with consortia. States with Perkins consortia fall into one of four categories:

Category 1: Cross-Level Consortia
Two states or 4% of states either require or encourage consortia to include both secondary and postsecondary subgrantees.
Category 2: Near-Universal Consortia
Five states or 10% of states allocate virtually all secondary grant funds to regional consortia comprised of secondary subgrantees.
Category 3: Majority Consortia
Thirteen states or 27% of states had at least 59&nbsp;percent but not more than 94&nbsp;percent of secondary subgrantees in consortia in PY 2009&ndash;10.
Category 4: Limited Consortia
Twelve states or 24% of states had secondary consortia that included 1 to 40&nbsp;percent of secondary grantees.

Please refer to the report for additional information about the organization and characteristics of consortia within each category.