State Strategies for Financing Career and Technical Education
Unit-based Formulas (AY2011–12)
Unit- or program-based formulas allocate funds based on a set of educational inputs used to deliver CTE services. States using these approaches often build in formula adjustments to account for programmatic factors that may contribute to making some CTE programs relatively more expensive to provide than other educational programming. Breaking programming down into discrete instructional components permits states to shift funds to areas of need or adjust for changes in programmatic costs. On the downside, these approaches can be quite complicated and require states to reassess formula operations on a regular basis to ensure that each component is operating effectively. Seven states—Alabama, Delaware, Idaho, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Mississippi, and Tennessee—allocate funding in this way.